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Cartier Ronde Croisière de Cartier WSRN0021 New Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Cartier WSRN0021 Ronde Croisière de Cartier
S$ 3,739
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Frederique Constant FC-306V4S9 New Rose gold 40mm Automatic
TOP
Frederique Constant Classics Slimline Automatic
S$ 7,979
Verified Dealer
347
CH
Omega Constellation Men 123.10.38.21.06.001 New Steel 38mm Automatic
TOP
Omega 123.10.38.21.06.001 CONSTELLATION
S$ 5,725
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Richard Mille RM 027 Rm27-01 Very good Carbon Automatic
TOP
Richard Mille RM 27-01 Rafa Nadal (Limited of 50) WIRE ONLY
S$ 1,157,111
Verified Dealer
15
US
Eberhard & Co. Tazio Nuvolari EBERHARD TAZIO NUVOLARI 31055 Very good Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
Eberhard & Co. TAZIO NUVOLARI RATTRAPPANTE
S$ 7,648
Verified Dealer
 
IT
Seiko Grand Seiko SBGL003 Unworn White gold 38.5mm Automatic Singapore, SINGAPORE
TOP
Seiko GRAND SEIKO SBGL003 LIMITED EDITION, WHITE GOLD, CASE...
S$ 75,212
Private Seller
 
SG
Patek Philippe Aquanaut 5167A-012 Unworn Steel 40.8mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Patek Philippe Aquanaut Singapore 2019 Special Edition (1 of...
S$ 150,000
Private Seller
 
SG
Patek Philippe Golden Ellipse 3738/100G-012 Very good White gold 31.1mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe Golden Ellipse 3738/100G-012
S$ 25,334
Verified Dealer
14
FR
Rolex Daytona 116503 Very good Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Cosmograph Daytona 116503
S$ 31,708
Verified Dealer
21
LV
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 25979ST/O/0002CA/01 Good Steel 39mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Audemars Piguet 25979ST Royal Oak Chronograph City of Sails
S$ 21,190
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Bell & Ross BR V2 BRV294-BU-G-ST/SST New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Bell & Ross BR V2-94 AERONAVALE
S$ 4,904
Verified Dealer
59
NL
Omega Constellation 167.005/6 Automatik Chronometer Very good Yellow gold 35mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Constellation 18K Gold Automatic Service 04/2020
S$ 12,731
Verified Dealer
538
DE
Breitling Superocean Héritage II Chronographe U13313121B1S1 Unworn Gold/Steel 44mm Automatic
Breitling Superocean Héritage II Chronograph - 2019 Unworn
S$ 9,243
Verified Dealer
312
UK
IWC Big Pilot IW502617 Very good Rose gold 46mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Big Pilot Perpetual Calendar Saint Exupery 46mm 18K Rose...
S$ 38,321
Verified Dealer
548
US
Rolex Air King 114210 Very good Steel 34mm Automatic
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Air-King
S$ 6,931
Verified Dealer
347
DE
Bulgari Diagono SD40S RE Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Bulgari Diagono Pro Aqua Regatta Chronograph 40mm B&P
S$ 6,214
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
414
PL
Audemars Piguet 5279 Very good Yellow gold 33mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet 18k Gold 5279
S$ 7,011
Verified Dealer
14
FR
Rolex Datejust 126200 New Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Datejust "Blue" New 2020 with Stickers
S$ 10,755
Verified Dealer
457
ES
Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLRO New Steel 40mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Rolex 126710BLRO GMT-Master II "Pepsi Jubilee"
S$ 25,818
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Montblanc Heritage Spirit 111620 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Montblanc Heritage Spirit Moonphase Meisterstuck Automatic
S$ 2,050
Verified Dealer
271
SG
IWC Ingenieur Chronograph IW379603 Good Titanium 45mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
IWC Ingenieur Chronograph
S$ 9,000
Private Seller
 
SG
Bell & Ross BR 03 BR03-92-S Very good Steel 42mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Bell & Ross Diver Ref: BR 03-92-DIV
S$ 3,630
Verified Dealer
44
SG
Rolex Datejust 1601 Good Gold/Steel 36mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Rolex Vintage DateJust 2tone "Silver Grey Dial" 1601
S$ 4,500
Verified Dealer
11
SG
Jaquet-Droz Astrale J021014221 New White gold 49mm Automatic
Jaquet-Droz Date Astrale Zodiac Men's Watch
S$ 32,139
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
633
US
Hermès Dressage DR1.785 Unworn Yellow gold 40  case without crownmm Automatic
TOP
Hermès Dressage 1928 18K Gold New Box Papers
S$ 20,554
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
414
PL
Rolex GMT-Master 16750 Fair Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex GMTマスター 16750
S$ 24,166
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
839
JP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Lady Automatic 148.8.37 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor 36mm Stainless Steel...
S$ 7,160
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
111
US
Rolex Submariner (No Date) 114060 New Steel 40mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Rolex 114060 Submariner (No Date)
S$ 14,247
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Daniel Roth 807.L.10 Very good Steel 35mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Daniel Roth Retrograde Full Set
S$ 5,200
Verified Dealer
271
SG
Rolex Explorer II 16570 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Explorer II
S$ 10,477
Verified Dealer
UK
Chopard Mille Miglia 16/8997 Good Steel 44mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia GT XL Ref: 8997
S$ 4,255
Verified Dealer
44
SG
Cartier Pasha C W31024M7 Very good Steel 35mm Automatic
Cartier Pasha C W31024M7
S$ 2,604
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
952
US
Rolex Day-Date 36 1803 Very good Yellow gold 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Day-Date
S$ 10,646
Verified Dealer
214
UK
Parmigiani Fleurier Pershing PFC528-1210301-HA1412 New 45mm Automatic
TOP
Parmigiani Fleurier Pershing 005 Chronograph Automatic 18k...
S$ 17,355
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
633
US
Frederique Constant Ladies Automatic Double Heart Beat FC-303LGD3BD2B New Gold/Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Frederique Constant Ladies Automatic Double Heart Beat...
S$ 3,258
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
23
FR
Blancpain Fifty Fathoms Blancpain diver Very good Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Blancpain Fifty Fathoms PF1
S$ 7,955
Private Seller
 
SG
Rolex Daytona 16520 Fair Steel 40mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Rolex 16520 Daytona Stainless Steel "Patrizzi Dial"
S$ 38,836
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Breitling Montbrillant Légende A23351 Very good Steel 47mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Breitling Montbrillant Navitimer Legende Limited Edition 2000 pcs
S$ 5,400
Verified Dealer
271
SG
Omega Constellation Ladies 123.20.35.20.01.001 Very good 35mm Automatic
Omega コンステレーション コーアクシャル 123.20.35.20.01.001
S$ 4,498
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
839
JP
Chanel J12 H2558 Very good Ceramic 42mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Chanel J12 Marine Ceramic Ref: H2558
S$ 3,420
Verified Dealer
44
SG
Zenith 49.2520.400/98.R578 Very good Ceramic 45mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith El Primero 36'000 VpH Chronograph 49.2520.400/98.R578
S$ 9,329
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
952
US
Rolex Submariner 6205 Very good Steel 37mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Submariner ref 6205
S$ 69,245
Verified Dealer
214
UK
Rolex GMT-Master 1675 Mk3 Radial Dial GMT Master Very Rare Very good Steel Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Rolex Rare Rolex 1675 Mk3 Radial Dial GMT Master
S$ 26,888
Verified Dealer
11
SG
Montblanc 1858 117832 New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Montblanc Ungetragene 1858 Automatic 40 mm
S$ 3,489
Verified Dealer
135
DE
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Daytona Ref. 116520
S$ 31,070
Verified Dealer
495
NL
Tudor Pelagos 25600TB-0001 Very good Titanium 42mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Tudor 25600TB Pelagos Blue
S$ 5,279
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Rolex Daytona 116520 Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Daytona 116520 in New Old Stock Condition with Box & Papers
S$ 39,052
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
45
US
Patek Philippe Calatrava 5153R-001 Good Rose gold 38mm Automatic
Patek Philippe カラトラバ オフィサー 5153R-001
S$ 30,208
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
839
JP
Rolex Datejust 16220 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Rolex Datejust 16220 Stahl Automatik 36mm Rare Grey Saphir 36mm
S$ 5,879
Verified Dealer
400
DE
Breitling Chronomat Colt A17388101C1S1 New Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Breitling Colt Automatic A17388101C1S1 blue dial unworn
S$ 3,967
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
163
FR
Ulysse Nardin Dual Time 243-55 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Gmt Dual Time Big Date Silver Dial
S$ 4,382
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
RO
Panerai Luminor Power Reserve PAM 01090 Unworn Steel 44mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Panerai Luminor Power Reserve
S$ 9,388
Verified Dealer
11
SG
Panerai Luminor Submersible PAM 00024 Very good Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai Luminor Submersible
S$ 7,640
Verified Dealer
1539
ES
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Dual Time Overseas Dual Time Steel Blue Dial 41mm 7900V/110A-B334 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Vacheron Constantin 7900V/110A-B334 — Vacheron Constantin...
S$ 30,374
Private Seller
 
SG
Breguet Tradition 7037bb/11/9v6 Good White gold 38mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Breguet 7037BB La Tradition Automatic
S$ 21,479
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Tudor Prince Oysterdate Very good Steel 22mm Automatic
TOP
Tudor Ladies Princess Oysterdate Ref.7981 22mm Automatic,...
S$ 3,037
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
681
US
Zenith 03.2080.4061/21.C496 Good Steel 42mm Automatic
Zenith クロノマスター エル・プリメロ 大坂リミテッド 03.2080.4061/21.C496
S$ 12,083
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
839
JP
Rolex Daytona 116520 Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Daytona 116520 Oman Crest in New Old Stock with Box &...
Price on request
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
45
US
IWC Aquatimer (submodel) Good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Aquatimer Vintage Dive Watch
S$ 10,211
Verified Dealer
214
UK
Girard Perregaux 1966 49551-53-131-BB60 New White gold 44mm Automatic
Girard Perregaux 1966 Men's Watch
S$ 15,889
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
633
US
Panerai Luminor Power Reserve PAM 27 Very good Steel 44mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Panerai Luminor Power Reserve PAM27
S$ 9,850
Verified Dealer
11
SG
Panerai Luminor Submersible PAM00683 New 42mm Automatic
Panerai Submersible Automatic Black Dial 42 mm Men's Watch -...
S$ 12,683
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
2314
US
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712/1A-001 Very good Steel Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Patek Philippe Nautilus
S$ 80,500
Private Seller
 
SG

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.


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