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Vacheron Constantin French Case Very good Rose gold 34mm Automatic
TOP
Vacheron Constantin French Case Automatic 18K Pink Gold Rose...
S$ 10,728
Verified Dealer
469
DE
Cartier Santos Galbée 2823 Very good Steel 32mm Automatic
TOP
Cartier Santos Galbée Automatic Date Excellent Condition 2328
S$ 8,173
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
291
US
Blancpain Villeret IZ-79BLAN.06.2019 Good Rose gold 38mm Automatic
TOP
Blancpain Villeret Big Date 18k Rose Gold Automatic 150pc Lim....
S$ 13,506
Verified Dealer
28
CZ
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 15500ST.OO.1220ST.02 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet 15500ST.OO.1220ST.02 Royal Oak
Price on request
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Rolex Day-Date 36 128238 New Yellow gold 36mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Rolex Day-Date 36
S$ 93,000
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Rolex Datejust 1601 Good Steel 36mm Automatic
Rolex Datejust 1601
S$ 5,595
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
753
US
Seiko Grand Seiko SBGL003 Unworn White gold 38.5mm Automatic Singapore, SINGAPORE
TOP
Seiko GRAND SEIKO SBGL003 LIMITED EDITION, WHITE GOLD, CASE...
S$ 70,826
Private Seller
 
SG
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M 21230412003001 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic
Omega Seamaster Professional Blue Dial, Blue Ceramic Bezel w/...
S$ 6,374
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
35
US
Tudor Submariner 7928 Good Steel 40mm Automatic
Tudor Rare Submariner ghost bezel
S$ 40,229
Verified Dealer
 
US
Rolex GMT-Master II 126715CHNR Very good Rose gold 40mm Automatic
Rolex GMT-Master II As New Condition
S$ 53,463
Verified Dealer
 
UK
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Daytona
S$ 25,785
Verified Dealer
 
IT
TAG Heuer Monaco Calibre 6 WW2110 Very good Steel 37mm Automatic
TAG Heuer Monaco Calibre 6
S$ 4,144
Verified Dealer
114
PT
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Grand Prix 26290IO.OO.A001VE.01 Very good Carbon 46mm Automatic
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Grand Prix Carbon Limited...
S$ 34,533
Verified Dealer
1345
NL
Rolex Sky-Dweller 326934 New Steel 42mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Rolex Sky-Dweller
S$ 24,600
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Rolex Lady-Datejust 178384-PNKRO New Steel 31mm Automatic
Rolex Datejust 31 Pink Roman Numeral Oyster Bracelet Watch 178384
S$ 16,991
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
266
US
Rolex Sky-Dweller 326933 Very good 42mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Rolex skydweller
S$ 21,000
Private Seller
 
SG
Rolex Yacht-Master 42 226659 New White gold 42mm Automatic
Rolex Yacht-Master 42
S$ 41,397
Verified Dealer
241
HK
Rolex Submariner Date 16613 Unworn Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Submariner Date
S$ 13,015
Verified Dealer
IT
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda PFC267-1200300-HA1441 Very good White gold Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda 1950 White Gold Slate Grey Jun 2019 Set
S$ 12,850
Verified Dealer
6
SG
Richard Mille RM 011 RM11-03 Very good Titanium 42mm Automatic
Richard Mille RM11-03 49MM Flyback Chronograph Titanium Watch
S$ 269,136
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
US
Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean Chronograph 215.30.46.51.03.001 Unworn Steel 45.5mm Automatic
Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean 600m Co-Axial Master Chronograph...
S$ 10,176
Verified Dealer
1288
DE
IWC Portuguese Automatic IW500109 Very good Steel 42.3mm Automatic
IWC Portugieser Automatik | IWC Service & Garantie | Full Set
S$ 11,250
Verified Dealer
CH
Tudor Prince Date 92400N New Steel 25mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Tudor Princess Date
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Rolex Submariner Date 116613LB Very good Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Submariner Date steel / gold blue 'Smurf' from 2009 with...
S$ 18,341
Verified Dealer
727
NL
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic Singapore, Ireland
TOP
Rolex Daytona
S$ 26,914
Private Seller
 
SG
Montblanc 7236 Very good Steel 39mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Montblanc Star 4810 Meisterstuck
S$ 1,450
Verified Dealer
185
SG
Rolex Milgauss 116400GV Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Milgauss 116400GV YEARS 2009 VERY GOOD CONDITIONS
S$ 9,668
Verified Dealer
117
IT
IWC Portuguese Perpetual Calendar IW502119 Very good Rose gold Automatic Singapore, Singapore
IWC Portuguese Perpetual Calendar Like New Full Service May 2019
S$ 26,900
Verified Dealer
6
SG
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea 126660 Unworn Steel 44mm Automatic
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea Black Ceramic Watch 126660
S$ 22,663
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
US
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 231.10.43.52.06.001 Unworn Steel 43mm Automatic
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra Chronograph GMT 231.10.43.52.06.001
S$ 6,658
Verified Dealer
733
US
Breitling Old Navitimer A13022 Very good Steel 41,5mm Automatic
Breitling Old Navitimer A13022 41mm Chronograph
S$ 5,518
Verified Dealer
32
AT
Tudor Classic 21010 New Steel 38mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Tudor Classic
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Richard Mille RM 07 RM07-01 WG New White gold 45.66mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Richard Mille RM07-01 in 18K White Gold Top Diamonds with Red...
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Breitling Montbrillant Datora A21330 Fair Steel 43mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Breitling Montbrillant Datora
S$ 7,500
Private Seller
 
SG
Breitling Navitimer A13330 Very good Steel Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Breitling Navitimer Fighter Chronograph Steel Bracelet Black Dial
S$ 4,150
Verified Dealer
185
SG
Cartier Ballon Bleu 3489 Very good 33mm Automatic
Cartier Ballon Bleu Ladies Watch 3489, Stainless, W/ Box & Papers
S$ 7,083
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
35
US
Gorilla Very good Ceramic Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Gorilla Fastback GT Drift Like New Complete Dec 2018
S$ 12,500
Verified Dealer
6
SG
Patek Philippe Perpetual Calendar 5139G-010 Very good White gold 38mm Automatic
Patek Philippe Grand Complications Ultra-Thin Perpetual...
S$ 63,033
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
US
Breitling Navitimer 8 AB3521U4-BG85-188A New Steel 43mm Automatic
Breitling Aviator 8 B35 Unitime 43mm Men's Watch AB3521U41B1A1
S$ 7,330
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
266
US
Tudor Black Bay GMT 79830RB Very good Steel 41mm Automatic
Tudor Black Bay 41 Gmt Automatik Stahl Ref. 79830rb Full Set...
S$ 6,078
Verified Dealer
2267
DE
Tudor Grantour Chrono 20350W New Steel Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Tudor Diamond Chronograph
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Richard Mille RM 011 RM011-03 TPT CA McLaren Limited Edition New Carbon 44.50mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Richard Mille RM011-03 McLaren Chronograph Flyback TPT Carbon...
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15450ST.OO.1256ST.02 Very good Steel 37mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 15450ST Grey Dial Selfwinding
S$ 24,800
Private Seller
 
SG
Montblanc Heritage Spirit 111620 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Montblanc Heritage Spirit Moonphase Meisterstuck Automatic
S$ 2,050
Verified Dealer
185
SG
Omega Seamaster Very good Steel 41mm Automatic
Omega Seamaster Professional Blue Dial, Blue Ceramic Bezel,...
S$ 4,816
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
35
US
Breitling Navitimer 8 AB3521U41B1A1 Very good Steel 43mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Breitling Navitimer 8 Unitime Very Mint Nov 2018 Complete Set
S$ 7,500
Verified Dealer
6
SG
Rolex Day-Date 40 228235 Unworn Rose gold 40mm Automatic
Rolex Day-Date 40 Rose Gold Green Roman Dial Watch 228235
S$ 55,951
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
US
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra 231.10.42.21.03.003 Unworn Steel 41.5mm Automatic
Omega Seamaster Aqua Terra
S$ 5,832
Verified Dealer
50
UK
Rolex Lady-Datejust 69173 Very good Gold/Steel 26mm Automatic
Rolex Ladies Datejust 26mm MOP Diamond Dial/Diamond Bezel 69173
S$ 6,699
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
US
Rolex Explorer II 16570 New Steel 40mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
TOP
Rolex 'P' Series Explorer II Caliber 3185
S$ 15,300
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Richard Mille RM 011 RM011 AO CA NTPT Americas Yellow Storm Very good Carbon 40mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Richard Mille RM011 Chronograph NTPT Americas Yellow Storm
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Longines Heritage L27758233 New Rose gold 40mm Automatic
Longines Heritage Mono Pusher Limited Edition Men's Watch...
S$ 8,464
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
266
US
Zenith Academy 59.6000.410 Very good Gold/Steel 39mm Automatic
Zenith Academy Chronograph Automatik Stahl Gold Herrenuhr Ref:...
S$ 4,037
Verified Dealer
2267
DE
Jaeger-LeCoultre 69293 Very good Yellow gold 33mm Automatic
Jaeger-LeCoultre Vintage Watch, Solid 18K Gold Case Watch w/...
S$ 3,258
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
35
US
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Diving Chronograph GMT Navy SEALs Q178T677 Very good Titanium Singapore, Singapore
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Diving Chronograph GMT Navy...
S$ 12,500
Verified Dealer
6
SG
Rolex Daytona 116500LN Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Daytona Ceramic Bezel Steel White Dial 40MM Watch 116500LN
S$ 36,828
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
US
Rolex Explorer II 16570 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Explorer II 16570 , Z serial 3186
S$ 11,204
Verified Dealer
28
IT
Omega 3506.61 Good Steel 42mm Automatic
Omega スピードマスター レーシング ミハエルシューマッハ 2005 3506.61
S$ 4,229
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
526
JP
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar Chronograph 5960/01G-001 New White gold 40.5mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar Chronograph
S$ 64,000
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Richard Mille RM 011 RM011-03 CA TPT New Carbon 44.50mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Richard Mille RM011-03 Chronograph Flyback in Black TPT Carbon
Price on request
Verified Dealer
 
SG
Breitling AB031021-Q615-453A New Steel 45mm Automatic
Breitling Navitimer 01 B03 Chronograph Rattrapante 45 AB031021...
S$ 10,730
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
266
US
Rolex Lady-Datejust 279173 Unworn Gold/Steel 28mm
Rolex DATEJUST 28MM 279173
S$ 13,832
Verified Dealer
US
Patek Philippe Aquanaut 5167R-001 Good Rose gold 40mm Automatic Singapore, Singapore
Patek Philippe 5167R Aquanaut Rose Gold, 2012 Dated, Full Set
S$ 59,000
Private Seller
 
SG
NOMOS Minimatik 1204 New Steel 36mm Automatic
NOMOS Minimatik Champagner
S$ 4,357
Verified Dealer
2837
DE
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.


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