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Chopard Two O Ten Chronograph
Chopard Two O Ten Chronograph
S$ 5,806
Seller
Lombard Perspectiva
RU
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Diving Automatic Navy SEALs
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Diving Automatic Navy SEALs
S$ 6,221
Seller
Lombard Perspectiva
RU
Patek Philippe VINTAGE  PATEK PHILIPPE1960S 18KT YG REF 3425 AUTO
Patek Philippe VINTAGE PATEK PHILIPPE1960S 18KT YG REF 3425 AUTO
S$ 13,824
Free shipping
Seller
Watch Hunter
 
US
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Concept Supersonnerie Tourbillon...
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Concept Supersonnerie Tourbillon...
S$ 735,000
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
Rolex GMT-Master II
Rolex GMT-Master II
S$ 12,800
Seller
ARIELLE JEWELLERS AND WATCHES TRADING
SG
Richard Mille RM 011
Richard Mille RM 011
S$ 172,000
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Private seller
SG
Franck Muller Vanguard Chronograph V 45 Cc Dt In Titanium And...
Franck Muller Vanguard Chronograph V 45 Cc Dt In Titanium And...
S$ 16,324
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Taleda
218
CH
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Acciaio 44 mm
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Acciaio 44 mm
S$ 9,438
Free shipping
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
171
UK
Tudor Heritage Black Bay 41 Ref. 79540
Tudor Heritage Black Bay 41 Ref. 79540
S$ 3,238
Seller
WINGOO WATCHES
163
IT
Franck Muller V 45 T Gravity CS Yachting 5N.BL
Franck Muller V 45 T Gravity CS Yachting 5N.BL
S$ 120,962
Free shipping
Seller
VI Watch Guy
VI
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
S$ 3,743
Seller
Classic Watch
 
DE
Rolex Sea-Dweller 4000
Rolex Sea-Dweller 4000
S$ 20,900
Seller
Private seller
SG
Rolex 116660 ROLEX DEEPSEA D-BLUE DIAL
Rolex 116660 ROLEX DEEPSEA D-BLUE DIAL
S$ 18,500
Seller
Private seller
SG
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Dual Time Ref:26120OR.OO.D002CR.01
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Dual Time Ref:26120OR.OO.D002CR.01
S$ 31,880
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
Chopard VINTAGE 70S LARGE HAPPY DIAMOND SAUDI KING REF. 2121
Chopard VINTAGE 70S LARGE HAPPY DIAMOND SAUDI KING REF. 2121
S$ 16,589
Free shipping
Seller
Watch Hunter
 
US
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Chrono 146.2.25 Red Gold, 41mm
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor Chrono 146.2.25 Red Gold, 41mm
S$ 17,899
Seller
Taleda
218
CH
U-Boat 5573 Classico AB 4/2/A 53mm 10ATM
U-Boat 5573 Classico AB 4/2/A 53mm 10ATM
S$ 2,439
Seller
Timeshop24.de Ltd.
2489
DE
Rolex Lady-Datejust
Rolex Lady-Datejust
S$ 11,300
Seller
Private seller
SG
Hublot Big Bang Evolution Ceramic bezel
Hublot Big Bang Evolution Ceramic bezel
S$ 10,500
Seller
Monster Time Gallery
SG
Ulysse Nardin 18k White Gold Ulysse Nardin Sonata Cathedral,...
Ulysse Nardin 18k White Gold Ulysse Nardin Sonata Cathedral,...
S$ 31,050
Seller
Tempvs Ltd
42
UK
Blancpain Villeret Perpetual Calendar Moon + Blancpain-Service...
Blancpain Villeret Perpetual Calendar Moon + Blancpain-Service...
S$ 8,624
Seller
Dreamwatch - fine used watches
105
DE
IWC Pilot Mark XII Platinum
IWC Pilot Mark XII Platinum
S$ 11,500
Seller
Private seller
SG
Rolex Rose Gold Daytona Ceramic Bezel Ref 116515
Rolex Rose Gold Daytona Ceramic Bezel Ref 116515
S$ 27,380
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
IWC Platinum Portuguese Perpetual Calendar 44mm 502111 Limited
IWC Platinum Portuguese Perpetual Calendar 44mm 502111 Limited
S$ 41,495
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
 
RO
De Grisogono Instrumento Uno
De Grisogono Instrumento Uno
S$ 161,911
Free shipping
Seller
ZEGG & CERLATI
10
MC
Tudor Rotor Prince Date 79430p Steel, 39mm
Tudor Rotor Prince Date 79430p Steel, 39mm
S$ 3,866
Seller
Taleda
218
CH
Van Cleef & Arpels Monsieur Arpels Dual Time zone w/...
Van Cleef & Arpels Monsieur Arpels Dual Time zone w/...
S$ 13,500
Seller
Private seller
SG
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster
S$ 23,921
Seller
OROeORA PRINTEZIS
43
GR
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Lady Duetto JLQ 7052421
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Lady Duetto JLQ 7052421
S$ 17,040
Seller
TimeWorld
17
CH
IWC Portoghese IW371430 chronograph Boris Becker Edition 2006
IWC Portoghese IW371430 chronograph Boris Becker Edition 2006
S$ 12,286
Seller
Watches Management
 
IT
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712G-001
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712G-001
S$ 56,628
Seller
Artex AG
 
CH
Patek Philippe Nautilus Ref 5711G-001 White Gold
Patek Philippe Nautilus Ref 5711G-001 White Gold
S$ 43,980
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph Blue 6 Months Old
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph Blue 6 Months Old
S$ 26,980
Seller
The Time Co.
SG
Audemars Piguet Offshore Limited  Tantale  Asia  "Orchard...
Audemars Piguet Offshore Limited Tantale Asia "Orchard...
S$ 53,691
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10PAST10.COM
85
NL
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding in 18-carat yellow gold
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding in 18-carat yellow gold
S$ 47,190
Seller
Fino Pte Ltd
SG
Jaermann & Stübi Queen of Golf QG3
Jaermann & Stübi Queen of Golf QG3
S$ 3,000
Seller
Private seller
SG
Rolex Daytona
Rolex Daytona
S$ 24,500
Seller
ARIELLE JEWELLERS AND WATCHES TRADING
SG
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar
price on request
Seller
LE MUSE sas
50
IT
Rolex GMT Master 1675 for Sultanate of Oman Full Set 1977’s
Rolex GMT Master 1675 for Sultanate of Oman Full Set 1977’s
price on request
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Watches Management
 
IT
Ulysse Nardin Automatic 18K Gold
Ulysse Nardin Automatic 18K Gold
S$ 2,986
Seller
Vintage Watch Services
73
NL
Seiko Marine Master 300 Ref SBDX001
Seiko Marine Master 300 Ref SBDX001
S$ 2,180
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Pam359 Pam 359
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950 3 Days Automatic Pam359 Pam 359
S$ 6,780
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The Time Co.
SG
Graham Chronofighter 43mm Roségold 2CFAR.B10A.C54B
Graham Chronofighter 43mm Roségold 2CFAR.B10A.C54B
S$ 14,238
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KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
 
RO
Girard Perregaux WW.TC ZEGG & CERLATI - LIMITED EDITION
Girard Perregaux WW.TC ZEGG & CERLATI - LIMITED EDITION
S$ 18,388
Free shipping
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ZEGG & CERLATI
10
MC
Breitling Montbrillant Datora
Breitling Montbrillant Datora
S$ 6,509
Seller
Reclaimed Jewels
 
NL
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950
Panerai Luminor Marina 1950
S$ 11,500
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Fino Pte Ltd
SG
Patek Philippe Nautilus
Patek Philippe Nautilus
S$ 51,000
Seller
Private seller
SG
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Eight Days 146.6.17 Antoine LeCoultre...
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Eight Days 146.6.17 Antoine LeCoultre...
price on request
Seller
Watches Management
 
IT
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver
S$ 19,980
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K.B. Luxury Watch and Jewellery
SG
F.P.Journe Octa Reserve de Marche Platinum 38mm 5 days Power...
F.P.Journe Octa Reserve de Marche Platinum 38mm 5 days Power...
S$ 26,880
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
Zenith El Primero Striking 10th Jean Louis Etienne Limited 500
Zenith El Primero Striking 10th Jean Louis Etienne Limited 500
S$ 8,380
Seller
The Time Co.
SG
Rolex Submariner Date
Rolex Submariner Date
S$ 15,300
Seller
ARIELLE JEWELLERS AND WATCHES TRADING
SG
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Black Theme 26470ST...
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Black Theme 26470ST...
S$ 25,500
Seller
Chrono95
SG
TAG Heuer WAJ211A.BA0870
TAG Heuer WAJ211A.BA0870
S$ 1,500
Seller
Monster Time Gallery
SG
Rolex 18K/SS  Datejust Black Diamond Dial 36mm Quickset
Rolex 18K/SS Datejust Black Diamond Dial 36mm Quickset
S$ 5,523
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Austins Watches Inc.
81
US
Richard Mille RM 011 Rose Gold Felipe Massa Flyback Chronograph
Richard Mille RM 011 Rose Gold Felipe Massa Flyback Chronograph
S$ 146,000
Seller
Private seller
SG
Longines 1492 Christobal C. 500th Anniversary Like New
Longines 1492 Christobal C. 500th Anniversary Like New
S$ 3,173
Seller
Watches Management
 
IT
Rolex Explorer II
Rolex Explorer II
S$ 23,800
Seller
DUALL PTE LTD
SG
Richard Mille St.Barth Diver RM028 Limited Edition
Richard Mille St.Barth Diver RM028 Limited Edition
S$ 78,880
Seller
GRluxury Pte Ltd
SG
Tudor Heritage Chronograph Blue 70330
Tudor Heritage Chronograph Blue 70330
S$ 3,880
Seller
The Time Co.
SG
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
S$ 15,000
Seller
ARIELLE JEWELLERS AND WATCHES TRADING
SG
Richard Mille RM 011 Le Mans Blue Chronograph Titanium Pre-Owned
Richard Mille RM 011 Le Mans Blue Chronograph Titanium Pre-Owned
S$ 138,800
Seller
Chrono95
SG

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.